Wednesday, 11 April 2018

A new, novel and workable hypothesis for Stonehenge: Patent granted

A patent has formally been granted as of today by the British Patent office. This is equivalent to a Utility grade patent in the USA. When used in this way, the system demonstrates an early (geocentric) understanding of how the Cosmos works.

The link below is to the Patents Journal of 11 April 2018 and “GB2486636: Spherical solar collection system” is on the first page:

This idea can now be referred to as a form of peer reviewed document (because it has been examined as new, novel and work-able by the reviewers at the Patents Office). A lot more detail on how the system would have worked at Stonehenge can be found in “Stonehenge: Solving the Neolithic Universe”.

The next stage seems to be head towards developing the predictions of the geocentric hypothesis. There are a number of predictions falling out of it (most are recorded in this blog), but the majority of these are minor and result in well-known Neolithic structures. As a result, it could be argued that interpretation of the evidence has been chosen to fit the hypothesis.

However, there are two major predictions of the hypothesis and these would result in unusual Neolithic remains (of structures) being found at very specific locations. Those two major predictions were referred to within the 2012 novel (the Broken Stone and the Secret of the Heavens' Henge). Neither location set has been, or is currently being, investigated to any degree so the remains, if they exist, are not known to exist. If interest develops in the geocentric hypothesis, these two prediction locations may be useful because they might provide the means to test the hypothesis by excavation and observation (giving falsifiability and testability to the hypothesis).

The remaining technical aspects (not currently in “Stonehenge: Solving the Neolithic Universe”) are going to be developed first to see if enough academic interest develops to look at the tests of predictions which might be needed.

Friday, 16 March 2018

Impact of a Geocentric Stonehenge on A303

This post is intended to look at some thoughts on why a discovery relating to a past scientific, rather then Druidic or religious, use for Stonehenge would affect its value: Value arguments are used in the current A303 scheme to justify the construction of a short tunnel.

A patent showing what Stonehenge could have been used for will shortly be granted under serial number GB2486636. This will replace the pending application number GB1021215.7
Information on what this patent application is can be found here:

The book (Stonehenge: Solving the Neolithic Universe) explains the application in more detail.

If Stonehenge were the first statement of scientific consensus about the Cosmos and our place in it, then the A303's Contingent Valuation Study (CVS) would have a different outcome were the respondents to have known about it. The CVS was used to justify the tunnel option: Therefore a change in its outcome could require the CVS, and thus the tunnel scheme, to be re-evaluated.

Only archaeological specialists in the monument (Stonehenge) would be considered expert enough to make the determination on whether or not it was that first statement.
The questions asked of the public can be found here:
and here:

A list of current SSSIs in Wiltshire can be found here:

Responsibilities that would attach to a new SSSI designation can be found here:

This post may get updated regularly to make it clearer

Tuesday, 20 December 2016

Christmas: An older secular narrative?

The Principle

The Principle is a 2014 American documentary film produced by Rick Delano and Robert Sungenis questioning the Copernican principle and discussing geocentricism. The film opened in Chicago on October 24, 2014. The film is narrated by Kate Mulgrew and features scientists such as Lawrence M. Krauss, Max Tegmark, Michio Kaku, George Ellis and Julian Barbour.


The Principle uses some of the external geocentric features of Stonehenge to show how the ancients may have viewed our place in the world. Later parts of the film compare modern day explanations against a perhaps biblical hypothesis that the Universe is geocentric.

The other, much more detailed, geocentric features at Stonehenge could point to a secular-rational prehistory rather than the type of religious paganism that is often assumed.
The research described in this blog (see this post of 2011) was the basis for this film segment:

Before the Druids

However, the film segment was short and could only focus on the layout of Stonehenge. The internal features of this monument are even more unusual, detailed and unique: They also happen to be identical to the design features that would be required to create a demonstration of rational geocentric beliefs.

A system with features identical to those found at Stonehenge can create a visual demonstration of the nature of the rotation of the Universe. Using only materials available at that time, this type of structure has been shown (see references below) to be ideal to create a bright miniature version of the Sun which rotates around, and rises on, the bar of a cross:

The reconstruction of Stonehenge (that was built to test the ideas and is discussed in detail in the booklet below) shows that all of Stonehenge's sub-structure features are the same as would be needed for this purpose. The explanation for this can be found in this blog, in papers on the Megalithic Portal and also in a booklet, which was subsequently expanded to reference all of the relevant archaeological findings:

Kindle booklet version click here
(Free download courtesy of Amazon from December 21 to Christmas Day 2016)

An early secular-rational society

The mechanism that may have been used at Stonehenge has a cross representing the polar axis of the apparent Universe (a cross set within a circle). This arrangement carries with it a "parent and child" type of imagery due to the creation of the small rising mini-sun which mimics the Sun's movement. The small "child sun" would rise on the cross to meet the Sun by rotating around the main axis of the cross (which must point to the North Star to mimic the apparent axis of the Sun's rotation about the Earth).

This arrangement can also be brought to life again the next day, or at another time of year, as required:

Winter solstice represents the birth of a new year for those that live in the Northern Hemisphere. The most recent archaeological discoveries at Stonehenge suggests that the winter solstice was the main feasting celebration of that era. At Stonehenge, the technical details found in the monument also suggest that a second set of celebrations, some form of second rising of the 'child-sun', may have occurred at Easter and possibly mid-summer.
In a simplified version of our world, anything can be pulled down but very little has the power to go up. That simplified view puts the Earth at the lowest part of the Universe (the bottom or 'sinkhole' of everything rather than the centre as we understand it). This logical rationale could also be used to suggest the idea of heaven and hell.

The remnants of a secular-rational society

Other than the notes left behind by Caesar, there is scant recorded information about the Druids. The culture was said by the European Druids to have originated in Britain and to have spread across large swathes of Northern Europe. Though some folklore exists, there are no records of the earlier culture that built Stonehenge. Stonehenge defines the point at which monument building more or less stopped.

Secular-rational geocentric beliefs, of which there seem to be remnants at Stonehenge, appear to duplicate the symbols of Christianity: A society generating that type of a philosophy (of geocentrism) would have a cross as the main symbol. It also would create a 'child and parent' symbology. The shining 'child' would have risen on a cross towards the heavens and the seasonal timing of this type of demonstration also appears to have correlations to Christ's birth and death.

Many of the monuments built prior to Stonehenge appear to show that a large scale effort was made to understand for the nature of the world. An example of this is Newgrange in Ireland, [documentation here], where that monument has features that would be required to detect changes in the Sun's solstice movement. The reasoning for this appears to be related to a concern for survival in the event of a change of climate.

A summary

Stonehenge's purpose, as hypothesised here, appears to have been to summarise all of the findings from earlier investigations. After the investigations stopped, all monument building ceased and, for reasons that are not known, the civilisation seems to have then disappeared.

One possible explanation for the lack of knowledge about beliefs in Northern Europe prior to Christianity is that all the earlier rational symbols may have been incorporated into later religious themes: Perhaps the remains of an ancient secular belief system has always been with us, but hiding in plain sight?

Sample reviews of the geocentric works:

‘‘I do agree with you that the basic structure of Stonehenge is essentially a working model of their cosmos/perceived Universe....’’ Professor Tim Darvill OBE
‘‘Overall I found this publication highly readable, being both informative and slightly controversial.’’...‘‘The one thing that makes this book a winner is the fact that it’s central theory is not a house of cards.’’...‘‘Highly recommended to anyone with an interest in Stonehenge.’’ The Megalithic Portal. 2012 

‘‘Unlike many books of this type, Morris shows how the Neolithic people could have studied the heavens using common sense and appropriate technology. He allows our ancestors to have the ability to work things out for themselves. It remains to be seen whether Stonehenge was a device for educating Neolithic people in astronomy but it certainly taught me a thing or two.’’ Northern Earth

Friday, 12 February 2016

Can geodesy and its links to ancient monuments be used in teaching?

Our earliest society believed that their Universe consisted of a sphere in which the Earth was at the centre (known as a geocentric or Ptolemaic worldview).

The "Solving the Neolithic" project is based on the idea that some Neolithic structures may be the result of the way our ancestors came to the above conclusion: Several dozen monuments have the appearance of being the remains of structures built to answer philosophical questions about the nature of the world. A few of these methods require some lateral thinking.

A sample of remains which might result from some of these logical thought processes can be found at Avebury, Newgrange, Knowth and each of the three main phases of Stonehenge.

The post below is about whether or not this type of logic-driven discovery process has any value as a teaching aid in the modern era. It came about through a discussion in the Pre-historic society's area of facebook. If you have any comments about how this might be used in teaching, please feel free to comment on this page or on the facebook site


Some of the ideas on how this might be applied have already been written up for try-out in schools. The methods that appear to me to have the highest likelihood of having some use in education are:

1) A method to find out if the stars rotates around our planet

This arrangement is partially written up and can be reproduced at a location known as The Long Man in East Sussex. There is some debate about whether or not the Long Man itself is any more than a few hundred years old. However, it is known that the relevant slope was cleared during the Neolithic.

2) A layout description of the general cosmos (stars) 
This idea is a method of describing our cosmos from the point of view of an observer standing on what she believes to be a fixed world. It applies to a few locations (Ring of Brodgar for example). In this instance, the method of describing that cosmos is written up for Phase II of the monument known as Stonehenge.

3) A layout description of how to work out if the Sun's movement is fixed from year to year

Once the cosmos is established (2 above), the layout can be drawn geocentrically to show how the sun moves and its furthest extent at solstice. Once drawn out, this layout is the same as a place called Avebury (for winter solstice). It's worth looking at Stonehenge below (item 10) before reading this one.

4) A construction method to determining whether the Sun has fixed ranges

This method requires some lateral thinking, but results in structures that appear to be duplicated at many sites. The one with the highest degree of confirmatory details, together with engravings representing the ideas, is Newgrange.

5) A method to find out whether or not the Earth is curved or a flat disk 
This combination of circumstances is unusual because it requires some very specific conditions to exist naturally. At Preseli, it is possible to conclude that our world is not flat by walking from one tall hill to another. These conditions happen to exist just above the spot that the quarry for Stonehenge's bluestones is thought to be located: Neolithic mounds are located at the precise location of each of the two natural features.

6) A construction method to find out whether or not the Earth is a (curved) sphere or a curved disk

This method requires a series of observations at unusual topographic locations. Each of these locations has a monument, of the specialised form required, and placed at exactly the correct topographical spot. This series of Neolithic monuments exists along the South Coast of England.

As yet it is not written up for the internet, but a very short explanation can be found in the book.

7) A layout description of a method to determine how to find out the size of the Earth

This method is a variant on the one used by Al-Biruni in the 16th century. Unlike Al-buruni's method, it does not require any special equipment. Al-Biruni's method is different from the one thought to have first been developed by Eratosthenes. This layout, needed for the modified Biruni method, is the same as found at a Neolithic monument along the South Coast of England.

As yet it is not written up for the internet, but a very short explanation can be found in the book.

8) A construction method to determine the size of the Earth

The method described in 6&7 above requires a specialised monument at a specific topographical location. The best example of this type of arrangement exists as a Neolithic monument on the adjacent hill to the one described in 7 above.

As yet it is not written up for the internet, but a detailed explanation, together with the results of tests to reproduce the method, can be found in the book.

9) Ancillary construction methods required to determine the size of the Earth

These arrangements exist as a series of Neolithic monuments adjacent to the hill described in 8) above.

As yet it is not written up for the internet, but a very short explanation can be found in the book.

10) A layout description (geocentric) of the results of some of the above [of two parts]

This arrangement is a general description of a known cosmos after all the experiments (and some others) referred to above have been done. This layout exists at Stonehenge in its third and last phase (but nowhere else).

11) A construction method to physically demonstrate the results of all of the above

This arrangement recreates a physical demonstration of knowledge about a geocentric system. The result of this is spectacular. The basis of this system was published as a patent in the 1970's and similar systems are in use in India today. An alternative version of this type of system appears to be duplicated at Stonehenge.

A description of this system can be found in the book. It would require significant effort to duplicate it for teaching purposes, so has not been linked to at this stage.


I've cut the above list down, but there are more than a dozen arrangements, for other similar purposes related to geodesy, which appear to be duplicated in Neolithic monuments. A much shortened version of the above list, in a format already prepared for schools, can be found here.
The sequence that the project is based upon starts with a single observation at a geographical location which has a very unusual set of characteristics. This set of characteristics only appears to exist in Scotland, and only at one place.

If you have any comments about how any of the above might be used in teaching, or which ones would be best prepared in more detail, please feel free to comment on the facebook page or on this site. 

We would be especially grateful for sharing on social media to anyone who might be interested.

Saturday, 26 December 2015

Arguments for and against a Neolithic quarry in the Preseli Mountains


Mike Parker Pearson and other well known archaeologists put forward the case for two quarries being located just below the peaks mentioned in the post below. This paper can be downloaded at:
Craig Rhos-y-felin: a Welsh bluestone megalith quarry for Stonehenge 
Mike Parker Pearson,Richard Bevins, Rob Ixer, Joshua Pollard, Colin Richards, KateWelham, Ben Chan, Kevan Edinborough, Derek Hamilton, RichardMacphail, Duncan Schlee, Jean-Luc Schwenninger, Ellen Simmons &Martin Smith
However, Brian John and other geomorphologists make the case for the features (found by the archaeologists) to be entirely natural:

What do you think?

Friday, 22 May 2015

A view from a satellite

View from a satellite looking roughly westwards over a computer simulated landscape of the Preseli Mountains:

View from a satellite looking roughly eastwards over a computer simulated landscape of the Preseli Mountains:

Both of these pictures look fairly ordinary. But one of the two must be looking down: Feddau is below Eryr in the first picture and Eryr is below Feddau in the second picture. But if one is looking down, where is the horizon?

This is a question I was asked on the Simon Mayo show: Can you see the curvature of the Earth from a mountain? The answer is that you can see a disk shape, but the disk you can see is not necessarily the curvature of the Earth: You could be on a flat disk. However, from two tall mountains of the same height, you can prove that the Earth is curved if you can see the horizon (below the slope of the other mountain) at sunrise: Sunrise or sunset is the time that the horizon can be precisely seen.

The angles involved are tiny: This experiment with mountain peaks only seems to work at a place called Preseli in Wales where two high mountain peaks are approximately of the same height, are aligned approximately east-west and have no obscured views for a long distance in either direction: The angles to the horizon at this particular height would show that Ireland and England would not exist if you are on a flat disk.

Thursday, 23 October 2014

Sky Stands Still: Stonehenge

Theme tune "Sky Stands Still" incorporates ideas of Heavens' Henge (Stonehenge). This was produced for the film "The Principle", for which I had a small consulting role